It may not be a proper tree, but it is certainly not prostrate and the leaves are patent and acuminate – characteristics of Juniperus communis ssp. communis.
This is how tetrad records look at 16 November 2013. White squares represent tetrads with no records. A few don’t show up as they are mostly in the sea. I think there are 49 tetrads with no records ever, though I need to check through these carefully as I think at least one has no land above the high water line. These are all on Skye rather than the other islands that make up VC 104. There are a disturbingly large number (56) in that light green colour keyed as “100″ (which should be ≤100) that actually only have 1-10 taxa (and 20 with 11-20 taxa, etc.)
The following map is what the picture looks like if one looks at records from 2000-2013. Clearly there are quite a few more tetrads (actually 66) that have not been visited since before 2000.
Still, there are six years’ recording left before the end of the current date class, data from which will be used for the next major atlas project……
The SAM of BSBI (now Botanical Society of Britain & Ireland) and BSS (Botanical Society of Scotland) was held at RBGE this year and had its highest ever attendance. Of particular relevance to me and VC104:
Sarah Longrigg produced an excellent exhibit on Utricularia on the Isle of Eigg. All plants found, as avid readers of this blog will know, were U. minor (Lesser Bladderwort) or U. stygia (Nordic Bladderwort). Having talked to Ian Evans at the meeting and reviewed the historical changes in species definitions, I am less sure about U. ochroleuca being a likely additional taxon to find in VC 104.
I talked with Ian Denholm about our apparent Dactylorhiza tranusteineroides sensu stricto on Skye. His current thoughts are: “it looks to be at the interface of the two subspecies, which are rather arbitrary subdivisions of a morphological continuum that starts in Anglesey/central Ireland and reaches the f-d [francis-drucei] extreme in Harris and North Uist. I think the geographical trend still holds up, but I dearly wish we had a full set of measurements from your colony, which probably would challenge our thinking but wouldn’t be a terminal threat to our current interpretation.” We shall have to have a closer look next year.
Leslie Tucker presented some interesting results on willows and hybrids based on flow colorimetry to give C-values referring to the weight in picograms of DNA contained within a haploid nucleus (e.g. a gamete) or one half the amount in a diploid cell. I would like to explore further whether this can help with the putative Salix x grahamii (S. aurita x herbacea x repens) on Skye. Obviously it being a triple hybrid, if that is what it is, makes it difficult to know what its C-value means – in the case of a simple hybrid one would expect it to be intermediate to the values for the two parents. Although the original (and perhaps only) finding for this plant was in Sutherland in 1827 0r 1833, it was propagated and remains at RBGE today. So there is an opportunity for comparison – perhaps including this technique to establish whether the Skye plant has the same C-value. Whether either plant is actually the proposed triple hybrid is also up for grabs. Leslie made the eminently sensible suggestion that I attempt to propagate the Skye plant – if only to save myself from an annual trip across the moor in order to fail to find catkins.
Some of us tried out Chris Metherell’s new key fro Euphrasia (Eyebrights). Whilst there is still a way to go, I was much impressed with how the work is coming along and believe that in the fullness of time I shall be able to have a proper go at this difficult group. The new Euphrasia handbook should be available in a year or two.
I have not been out in the field myself recently what with being away, the weather and a persistent virus. However, Adele has sent me her 2013 records which have filled in some gaps and with her addition of Gymnocarpium dryopteris (Oak Fern) to the Sabhal Mòr tetrad she has inspired me to add that species to the distribution maps on my website - here.
Also, I have received from Chris Metherell a first list of eleven herbarium species from VC104 that he has found whilst cataloguing specimens recently transferred to the Hancock Museum in Newcastle. They date from the 1930s and, as seems to be the norm for such things, raise various questions.
- Is the Raasay specimen of Stellaria pallida (Lesser Chickweed) recorded then as Stellaria apetala really that species? There is no other record from the vice-county.
- Is the Raasay specimen of Lycopodium annotinum (Interrupted Clubmoss) actually from Raasay or in fact from neighbouring Scalpay where it is present in good numbers? There is no record for Raasay.
- Is the Raasay specimen of Circaea alpina (Alpine Enchanter’s-nightshade) really that or the locally common Circaea x intermedia (C. alpina x lutetiana)? There is no reliable record of C. alpina from the vice-county.
The good news is that two of these three questions should be resolved by inspection of the specimens.
Postings to this blog are likely to be infrequent until the Spring.
Leycesteria formosa (Himalayan Honeysuckle) is a deciduous shrub native to the Himalayas that has become locally established in the British Isles as a garden escape in woodland, hedgerows and on waste ground. It was introduced into cultivation in Britain in 1824, and was known from the wild by at least 1905 and in VC104 from Rum in 1954. The first Skye record was in 2005 and Steve has now added the fourth Skye site, from the Old Corry road in the Broadford area.
In the same area he also spotted Sorbus intermedia (Swedish Whitebeam). It was introduced to cultivation in 1789 and is now widely planted as an ornamental tree, especially in town streets and parks. It was known from the wild by 1908 and first recorded in VC104 from Rum in 1957. The first Skye record is from 1979. Generally this does not seem to naturalise in these parts, records mostly being of planted specimens.
A short walk from Arnish today with friends led me to a small bright green rush that on closer inspection turned out to be Juncus foliosus (Leafy Rush). This is only the second Raasay record, ten years and a few hundred metres from the first. I also know it on Rona and Rum and there is a 1934 record from NG53 that could be on Raasay, Scalpay or Skye. Worth looking for on Skye even this late on – distinguished from J. bufonius (Toad Rush) by the bright green colour and the dark stripes along the sepals. It is found in mud.
Keith tells me this 1 cm long micro-moth from the outside wall of our house is a Tortrix of the genus Acleris probably A. laterana but perhaps A. comariana:
Last night’s moth trap caught only two, Angle Shades and another to be confirmed:
Meanwhile, Nick reports Tar Spot fungus from Sycamore in Broadford. I felt sure it was more widespread than records suggest. The leaves are beginning to fall so the Tar Spot season is coming to an end…
Nick has been to Loch Sneosdal on bryophyte business but kindly recorded some vascular plants as well from this area, which is not well recorded. Two species listed in the Rare Plants Register were amongst his records: Hymenophyllum wilsonii (Wilson’s Filmy-fern), which had not been found there before and Saxifraga hypnoides (Mossy Saxifrage) with a last record there from 1974.
Eight other species were new to the tetrad and of the remainder all bar one were the first records since 1974, including Populus tremula (Aspen) and Saxifraga oppositifolia (Purple Saxifrage).
I have realised that I have not passed on any of Steve’s September finds, which included Drosera x obovata (Obovate Sundew (D. rotundifolia x anglica)), Hymenophyllum wilsonii (Wilson’s Filmy-fern), Oxyria digyna (Mountain Sorrel) and Utricularia intermedia sens. lat. (Intermediate Bladderwort).
This year has seen a real boost in valuable contributions from various folk to whom I am much indebted.
Just up the road today I noticed this on Alnus glutinosa (Alder):
This is caused by a different member of the fungal genus Taphrina from the one that causes Alder Tongue and as well as the blistering, it makes the leaves grow up to double their normal size.